Cancer remains the third causes of death within the Philippines. The two top causes of death are liver & lung cancer.
“Liver & lung cancer are the leading cancers in Metro Cebu. Lung cancer ranks first not just in terms of incidence but also in mortality cases,” states Ronald Delos Reyes; Program coordinator of the Eduardo J. Aboitiz Cancer Center (EJACC) under the Ramon Aboitiz Foundation Inc. (RAFI).
Last February 23, 2013 in the radio program “Pagtuki” official radio program of RAFI broadcast in DyLA every Saturday, Delos Reyes claims that cancer cases in women are actually rising in Metro Cebu. But, lots of men acquired lung cancer and die.
“For the past 15 years, the average lung cancer cases among women were less than a hundred. Now, it has now an average of 200 cases.” says Delos Reyes.
The EJACC Metro Cebu Population-based Cancer Registry reveal that since 1998 to 2012, only 826 males and 360 females diagnosed with lung cancer, and 646 men and 270 women die with this disease.
From 2003 to 2007, there are 830 men and 457 women diagnosed with lung cancer, and 626 of men and 328 women casualties.
Bernadine Hayag, a health promotion & education officer from the Department of Health (DOH) 7 claims that one of the many causes why a lot of women have lung cancers is due to the “second smoke”.
“There are 70,000 chemicals found in one cigarette, 7,000 of these chemicals are carcinogens which cause cancer,” she states that every hour there are 10 Filipino die because of smoking.
Additionally, Hayag stated that these smokers could possibly get another ailment like heart problems, stroke & chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) other than lung cancer.
Reported by the EJACC Metro Cebu Populkation-based Cancer Registry has shown that since 1998 to 2002, 1,561 cases of liver cancer posted and 1,350 die from that disease. In 2003 to 2007, they posted 1,267 died from 1,612 cases of liver cancer.
“We encourage parents to give their children a complete vaccination for hepatitis B as a primary preventive measure. Other ways to reduce the risk of developing liver cancer include healthy lifestyle, avoidance of excessive alcohol intake, sex with multiple partners, and smoking,” Hayag explained. About Eighty percent of liver cancer cases are caused by Hepatitis infections.
Last December 2012, the President B. Aquino signed the Republic Act no. 10351 or Sin Tax Reform 2012, to raise the required taxes for a cigarette and alcoholic drink in the nation.
“As of now, we could not feel the effects of the implementation of the newly passed law. Five years from now, more Filipinos will benefit from it. We are expecting that the number of smokers and drinkers will, however, decrease,” she says.
Delos Reyes states that if this type of disease diagnosed earlier, it will likely be taken care of to avoid it getting worse.
According to Hayag, the DOH strengthen their advocacy campaign and information dissemination to people of the more serious outcomes of cigarette smoking and over drinking of alcoholic beverages.